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About thirty villages located southeast of Moscow produce pottery and ship it throughout Russia. The name Gzhel became associated with pottery in the 14th century. Gzhel pottery was originally created by potters in their homes, however fairly early on these potters started to organize into workshops to increase production. The workshops eventually became a factory with pieces being formed in moulds and potters being responsible for separate pieces, a specific style, or decoration. The earliest pieces were created of earthenware. The pottery was painted solid white with distinctive blue designs. Pottery was also produced using a tin based white glaze and coloured glaze designs in blue, green, yellow, and brown, rather than just blue on a white background, in a style that is referred to as Maiolica. The body colour of earthenware varies depending on the raw materials used, and can range in color from white to brown. It is generally fired at lower temperatures than either stoneware or porcelain, and can remain semi-permeable to water until glazed.

Exclusive! SovietEraMuseum present a few Gzhel-works from Soviet times:

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KAMAZ (Kamskiy avtomobilny zavod – translated: Kama Automobile Plant) is a Russian truck manufacturer located in Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan, Russian Federation. KAMAZ opened its doors in 1976. Today, heavy duty models are exported to many areas of the world including Eastern Europe, Latin America, China, the Middle East, and North Africa. The trucks have won the Dakar Rally a record ten times.

In 1969, the Central Committee of the CPSU and Ministerial council of the USSR decided to begin construction of factories for the manufacture of supersized cars in the city of Naberezhnye Chelny.

Construction actually began on 13 December 1969, but the first Kamaz rolled off the main assembly conveyor on 16 February 1976.

In 1987, the line for the manufacture of Oka midget cars (VAZ-1111) was created. The first car rolled out on 21 December 1987.

On 25 June 1990, the production association was transformed into an open joint-stock company.

SovietEraMuseum present unique photos from KAMAZ plant:

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The VL80 is a Soviet built electric AC mainline freight locomotive. The initials VL are those of Vladimir Lenin  after whom the class is named.

The VL80 is a dual-section locomotive composed of two identical units, each resting on four two-axle bogies, powered by eight НБ-418К6 (en: NB-4186K6) electric tractive motors equipped with axle-support suspension.

The use of a single section of VL80 is technically impossible (unlike most Soviet/Russia diesel locomotives which allow this), since not all equipment is duplicated in both sections.

SovietEraMuseum present unique cards and stamps about VL80, VL82 locomotives. Exclusive! Only in SovietEraMuseum:

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Karol Kallay died at the age of 86 on Saturday 4 August. He was the most famous Slovak photographer and documentarist, renowned for his reports. Kallay was born in Čadca in north Slovakia on 26 April 1926. He studied economy and law at the university and started to work as a professional photographer in 1940. Two years later, he obtained his first award: a gold medal at a national exhibition of photographs in Bratislava. This was followed by an exhibition in Zaragoza, Spain. In 1954, he published his first book Slovensk rieky (Slovak rivers). From 1956 onwards, he organised his own exhibitions. During his life, he published more than 35 photographic books, and organized about 80 personal exhibitions in Slovakia and abroad as well.

Karol Kallay photos of Moscow 1960-s’:

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Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (11 September 1877 – 20 July 1926) was a Soviet statesman and a prominent member of Polish and Russian revolutionary movements. He is better known under his nickname as the Iron Felix or abbreviation FD. His party pseudonyms were YatsekYakubPereplyotchikFranekAstronomYuzef, and Domanski.

He was a member of several revolutionary committees such as the Polish Revkom as well as several Russian and Soviet official positions. Dzerzhinsky is best known for establishing and development of the Soviet State Security forces under their original name Cheka (1917-26). Later he was a member of the Soviet government heading several commissariats, while being the chief of the Soviet secret police.

Exclusive! Soviet Era Museum present a few items from own archive about Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky:

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Vladimir Ilyich Lenin born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924) was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist who served as the Premier of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924.

SovietEraMuseum exclusive. May be we have the biggest collection of Soviet postcards at the world. This is a first part. Postcards about Vladimir Lenin.

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Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968) was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961.

Gagarin became an international celebrity, and was awarded many medals and titles, including Hero of the Soviet Union, the nation’s highest honour. Vostok 1 marked his only spaceflight, but he served as backup crew to the Soyuz 1 mission (which ended in a fatal crash). Gagarin later became deputy training director of the Cosmonaut Training Centre outside Moscow, which was later named after him. Gagarin died in 1968 when the MiG 15 training jet he was piloting crashed.

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The history of Obninsk began in 1945 when the First Research Institute Laboratory “V”, which later became known as IPPE was founded. The city was built next to the plant in order to support it. Scientists, engineers, construction workers, teachers and other professionals moved to Obninsk from all over the Soviet Union. Town status was granted to Obninsk on June 24, 1956. The name of the city is taken from Obninskoye, the train station in Moscow-Bryansk railroad, built in Tsarist times.

Obninsk in 1970-s’ (SovietEraMuseum exclusive):

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Vladimir Ilyich Lenin born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924) was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist who served as the Premier of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924.

SovietEraMuseum exlusive. May be we have the biggest collection of communistic pins at the world. This is a first part. Pins with Vladimir Lenin.

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Dmitri Baltermants (May 13, 1912 – 1990) was a prominent Soviet photojournalist.

SovietEraMuseum present a few photos of Dmitri Baltermants

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