The Leningrad Metro is the underground railway system in Leningrad and Leningrad Oblast. It has been open since November 15, 1955. The system exhibits many typical Soviet designs and features exquisite decorations and artwork making it one of the most attractive and elegant metros in the world. Due to the city’s unique geology, the Saint Petersburg Metro is one of the deepest subway systems in the world and the deepest by the average depth of all the stations. The system’s deepest station, Admiralteyskaya, is 105 metres below ground. Serving two and a half million passengers daily, it is also the 12th busiest subway system in the world. n 1946 ‘Lenmetroproekt’ was created, under the leadership of M A Samodurov, to finish the construction of the metro first phase. New version of the metro project, devised by specialists, identified two new solutions to the problems to be encountered during the metro construction. Firstly, stations were to be built an a level slightly raised above that of normal track so as to prevent drainage directly into them, whilst the average tunnel width was to be reduced from the 6 metre standard of the Moscow Metro to 5.5 m. On September 3, 1947, construction began again in the Leningrad subway, and finally, in December 1954 the Council of Ministers of the USSR ordered the establishment of the state transport organization ‘Leningradsky Metropoliten’; it was initially headed by Ivan Novikov. Initially, the organisation was located in the building directly above Tekhnologichesky Institut station. On October 7, 1955, the electricity was first turned on in the metro, and finally on November 5, 1955, the act by which the first stage of the metro was officially put into operation, was signed. Ten years after the end of the war, at the beginning of the post-Stalin Khrushchev Thaw, the city finally got an underground transport network. The subway grand opening was held on November 15, 1955, with the first seven stations (the eighth one, Pushkinskaya opened a few months later) being put into public use. These stations later became part of the Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya Line, initially connecting the Moscow Rail Terminal in the city centre with the Kirovsky industrial zone in the southwest. Subsequent development included lines under the Neva River in 1958, as well as the construction of the Vyborgsky Radius in the mid-1970s to reach the new housing developments in the north. In 1978, the line was extended past the city limits into the Leningrad Oblast. In total, 1,023 governmental awards were awarded to participants of the construction of the metro first stage.
Photos and sybway scheme via the SovietEraMusem:
The SovietEraMuseum exclusive. Photo postcards about Gas & Oil Industry in USSR:
The Ukrainian National Chernobyl Museum is a museum dedicated to the Chernobyl disaster. The museum is located in the city of Kiev, Ukraine. It houses an extensive collection of scale models, visual media, memorabilia, artifacts, and other representational items designed to educate the public about many aspects of the Chernobyl disaster. Several exhibits depict the technical progression of the accident, and there are also many areas dedicated to the loss of life and cultural ramifications of the disaster. Due to the nature of the subject material, the museum provides a very visually engaging experience.
A display of road signs for various settlements near Chernobyl. Abandoned areas inside the zone of alienation are struck out with a pink slash.
Guided tours in English may be available, and the main parts of some exhibits have already been translated. Recorded audio is available in English and other languages.
The building is located at 1 Khoryva Lane (provulok Khoryva), Kyiv.
Exclusive. Few photos by the SovietEraMuseum:
Samotlor Field is the largest oil field of Russia and the sixth largest in the world. The field was discovered in 1965. Development started in 1967 and first oil was produced in 1969. The field is located at Lake Samotlor in Nizhnevartovsk district, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Tyumen Oblast. It covers 1,752 square kilometres (676 sq mi) Discovery of this field had changed Nizhnevartovsk from a small nearby village into a busy oil city as Samotlor used to be the most important oil production base of the Soviet Union.
Perestroyka and The End of Soviet Empire: Soviet alcoholics and homeless.
Boris Mikhailov with panoramic Gorizont-5 camera. Reportage “Near Land”
Firefighters came under the Ministry of the Interior (MVD). As such they were a quasi-military body – the MVD had its own troops, as well as being the ministry in charge of NKVD / KGB troops and border troops.
There were also civilian Fire Defence organisations, which operated in the smaller towns and villages.
Exclusive. The SovietEraMuseum present a few photos about Soviet fireguard service:
The Russian aluminium industry dates back to 1932, the year when the Volkhov aluminium smelter produced the first batch of aluminium. Following that, construction of smelters began to meet the growing demand of the national economy. During WW2, the production facilities in the country were evacuated to the Urals and Western Siberia, and the relocated equipment was used to build the Bogoslovsk and Novokuznetsk aluminium smelters. In the 1950s, new aluminium smelters were built for strategic purposes in Kandalaksha, Nadvoitsy and Volgograd. In the 1960s and 1970s, smelters in Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, and Bratsk were constructed in close proximity to the largest hydro power plants in Siberia. By the early 1980s, Russia was the world’s second largest producer of aluminium after the US.
Russia has been historically short of bauxite, which is used to produce alumina, the main raw material in the aluminium production process. Due to the weak development of raw materials production in Russia, and amid growing aluminium output, the domestic producers were forced to purchase alumina from other countries like Guinea and India.
The SovietEraMuseum present unique photos about RUSAL posters in Soviet style:
The Baikal-Amur Mainline is a 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 5⁄6 in) broad gauge railway line in Russia. Traversing Eastern Siberia and the Russian Far East, the 4,324 km (2,687 mi) long BAM runs about 610 to 770 km (380 to 480 miles) north of and parallel to the Trans-Siberian railway.
SovietEraMuseum present unique photos about The Baikal-Amur Mainline:
1980-s’ – The Golden Age of USSR.
Militsiya or militia is used as an official name of the civilian police in several former communist states.
Photos and Art works from the SovietEraMuseum archive:
Aeroflot is one of the oldest airlines in the world, tracing its history back to 1923. In 1956, it became the first airline to successfully operate regular jet airliner services with the Tupolev Tu-104.
Aeroflot: photos and advertising. The SovietEraMuseum exclusive: