From 1959 the Soviets introduced a number of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) into service, including the SS-4 ‘Sandal’, the SS-6 ‘Sapwood’ (R-7), the SS-7 ‘Saddler’ (R-16), the SS-8 ‘Sasin’ (R-9A), the SS-8 ‘Sasin’ (R-26), the SS-9 ‘Scarp’ (R-36), and the SS-16 ‘Sinner’ (RT-21), which was possibly never made fully operational. By 1990 all these early types of missiles had been retired from service.
The Imperial Porcelain Factory is a producer of fine, handpainted ceramic products in Saint Petersburg, Russia. It was established by Dmitry Ivanovich Vinogradov in the town of Oranienbaum (Lomonosov) in 1744. Many still refer to the factory by its well-known former name, Lomonosov Porcelain Factory. History and items by SovietEraMuseum:
The Valley of Geysers is a geyser field on Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia, and has the second largest concentration of geysers in the world. This 6 km long basin with approximately ninety geysers and many hot springs is situated on theKamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, predominantly on the left bank of the ever-deepening Geysernaya River, into which geothermal waters flow from a relatively young stratovolcano, Kikhpinych. Temperatures have been found to be 250 °C, 500 m below the caldera ground. It is part of the Kronotsky Nature Reserve, which, in turn, is incorporated into the World Heritage Site ”Volcanoes of Kamchatka”. The valley is difficult to reach, with helicopters providing the only feasible means of transport.
Unique photos from the SovietEraMuseum archive:
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (19 December 1906 – 10 November 1982) was the General Secretary of the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), presiding over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982. His eighteen-year term as General Secretary was second only to that of Joseph Stalin in length. During Brezhnev’s rule, the global influence of the Soviet Union grew dramatically, in part because of the expansion of the Soviet military during this time, but his tenure as leader has often been criticised for marking the beginning of a period of economic stagnation in which serious economic problems were overlooked, problems which eventually led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
During his eighteen years as Leader of the USSR, Brezhnev’s only major foreign policy innovation was détente. However, this did not differ much from the Khrushchev Thaw, a domestic and foreign policy relaxation started by Nikita Khrushchev. Historian Robert Service sees détente simply as a continuation of Khrushchev’s foreign policy. Despite some increased tension under Khrushchev, East–West relations had generally improved, as evidenced by the Partial Test Ban Treaty, the Helsinki Accords and the installation of the red telephone line between the White House and the Kremlin. But Brezhnev’s détente policy differed from that of Khrushchev in two ways. The first was that it was more comprehensive and wide-ranging in its aims, and included signing agreements on arms control, crisis prevention, East–West trade, European security and human rights. The second part of the policy was based on the importance of equalising the military strength of the United States and the Soviet Union. Defence spending under Brezhnev between 1965 and 1970 increased by 40%, and annual increases continued thereafter. In the year of Brezhnev’s death in 1982, fifteen percent of GNP was spent on the military
Exclusive! Leonid Brezhhnev and pioneers, Leonid Brezhnev only Erich Honecker, Leonid Brezhnev in WW2 times, Leonid Brezhnev abroad, etc. Only in the SovietEraMuseum!
Vasily Arkashev – A photo reporter for the newspaper of the Western Front, Krasnoarmeiskaia Pravda.
SovietEraMuseum present unique ww2-photos of Vasily Arkahev:
Soviet Era Museum present a few old posters about accident prevention at work from own archive: