Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (19 December 1906 – 10 November 1982) was the General Secretary of the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), presiding over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982. His eighteen-year term as General Secretary was second only to that of Joseph Stalin in length. During Brezhnev’s rule, the global influence of the Soviet Union grew dramatically, in part because of the expansion of the Soviet military during this time, but his tenure as leader has often been criticised for marking the beginning of a period of economic stagnation in which serious economic problems were overlooked, problems which eventually led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Exclusive! Leonid Brezhhnev: Trip to Siberia. Brezhhnev in Novosibirsk, Omsk and other north cities. Only in SovietEraMuseum!
In 1977, the committee organizing the Olympics held a contest for the best illustration of a bear. The judges chose Victor Chizhikov’s design depicting a smiling bear cub wearing a blue-black-yellow-green-red (colors of the Olympic rings) belt, with a golden buckle shaped like the five rings. Misha was confirmed as an official mascot on December 19th, 1977.
During the closing ceremony of the 1980 Olympic Games, Misha the bear appeared with a tear in its eye. He was holding a couple of balloons and at the end he was released and flew away from the stadium. He disappeared. A few hours later he landed on Vorobyovy Gory and later was exhibited at the Exhibition Centre for some time.
SovietEraMuseum exclusive: Soviet olympic mascots and souvenirs:
Misha also known as Mishka or The Olympic Mishka is the name of the Russian Bear mascot of the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games (the XXII Summer Olympics). He was designed by children’s books illustrator Victor Chizhikov.
SovietEraMuseum present exclusive photos about different Mishkas.
The Moscow Metro is a rapid transit system serving Moscow. The first line, from Okhotny Ryad to Smolenskaya, was opened to the public on 15 May 1935 at 07:00. It was 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) long and included 13 stations. The line connected Sokolniki and Park Kultury. The latter branch was extended westwards to a new station (Kiyevskaya) in March 1937, the first Metro line crossing the Moskva River over the Smolensky Metro Bridge.
SovietEraMuseum present unique photos of Moscow Metro from the our archive.
The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracyand led to the creation of the Soviet Union. The Tsar was deposed and replaced by a provisional government in the first revolution of February 1917 (March in the Gregorian calendar; the older Julian calendar was in use in Russia at the time). In the second revolution, during October, the Provisional Government was removed and replaced with a Bolshevik (Communist) government.
SovietEraMuseum present unique postcards about Revolution 1917:
Moscow is the capital city and the most populous city of USSR.
SovietEraMuseum present a great panoramic photo story about of Soviet Moscow-1960s’:
Boris Pasternak (10 February1890 – 30 May 1960) was a Russian language poet, novelist, and literary translator. In his native Russia, Pasternak’s anthology My Sister, Life, is one of the most influential collections ever published in the Russian language.
From 1959 the Soviets introduced a number of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) into service, including the SS-4 ‘Sandal’, the SS-6 ‘Sapwood’ (R-7), the SS-7 ‘Saddler’ (R-16), the SS-8 ‘Sasin’ (R-9A), the SS-8 ‘Sasin’ (R-26), the SS-9 ‘Scarp’ (R-36), and the SS-16 ‘Sinner’ (RT-21), which was possibly never made fully operational. By 1990 all these early types of missiles had been retired from service.
The Imperial Porcelain Factory is a producer of fine, handpainted ceramic products in Saint Petersburg, Russia. It was established by Dmitry Ivanovich Vinogradov in the town of Oranienbaum (Lomonosov) in 1744. Many still refer to the factory by its well-known former name, Lomonosov Porcelain Factory. History and items by SovietEraMuseum: