The Russian aluminium industry dates back to 1932, the year when the Volkhov aluminium smelter produced the first batch of aluminium. Following that, construction of smelters began to meet the growing demand of the national economy. During WW2, the production facilities in the country were evacuated to the Urals and Western Siberia, and the relocated equipment was used to build the Bogoslovsk and Novokuznetsk aluminium smelters. In the 1950s, new aluminium smelters were built for strategic purposes in Kandalaksha, Nadvoitsy and Volgograd. In the 1960s and 1970s, smelters in Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, and Bratsk were constructed in close proximity to the largest hydro power plants in Siberia. By the early 1980s, Russia was the world’s second largest producer of aluminium after the US.

Russia has been historically short of bauxite, which is used to produce alumina, the main raw material in the aluminium production process. Due to the weak development of raw materials production in Russia, and amid growing aluminium output, the domestic producers were forced to purchase alumina from other countries like Guinea and India.

The SovietEraMuseum present unique photos about RUSAL posters in Soviet style:

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