After the Soviet government moved to Moscow in 1918, it nationalized the luxurious estate and converted it into Vladimir Lenin’s dacha. In September 1918, the Soviet leader recuperated there following an assassination attempt. He spent an increasing amount of time there as his health declined over the following years. On May 15, 1923, Lenin followed medical advice and left the Moscow Kremlin for Gorki. He lived there in semi-retirement until his death on January 21, 1924.
After Lenin’s death, Gorki was renamed “Gorki Leninskiye” (meaning “Lenin’s Gorki”). The house became a museum holding many of Lenin’s possessions. Also located on the estate are a large museum built in 1987 concerning Lenin’s life there, containing such artifacts as his Last Testament (as transcribed by Nadezhda Krupskaya), other documents, photos, books, Lenin’s personal car (a Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost), his wheelchairs, and his apartment and office from the Kremlin, reconstructed in a separate building. A monument representing “The Death of the Leader” was unveiled in the 18th-century park in 1958.