Archive for the ‘Red Army’ Category

The Baikal-Amur Mainline is a 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 5⁄6 in) broad gauge railway line in Russia. Traversing Eastern Siberia and the Russian Far East, the 4,324 km (2,687 mi) long BAM runs about 610 to 770 km (380 to 480 miles) north of and parallel to the Trans-Siberian railway. SovietEraMuseum present unique photos about The Baikal-Amur Mainline:

1980-s’ – The Golden Age of USSR. Militsiya or militia  is used as an official name of the civilian police in several former communist states. Photos and Art works from the SovietEraMuseum archive:

The 1991 Soviet coup d’état attempt (19–21 August 1991), also known as the August Putsch or August Coup  was a coup d’état attempt by a group of members of the Soviet Union’s government to take control of the country from Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev. The coup leaders were hard-line members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) who were opposed to Gorbachev’s reform program and the new union treaty that he

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Aurora is a 1900 Russian protected cruiser, currently preserved as a museum ship in St. Petersburg. She battled the Japanese Navy in the Russo-Japanese War. One of the first incidents of the October Revolution in Russia took place on the cruiser Aurora. At the end of 1916, the ship was moved to Petrograd (the renamed St Petersburg) for a major repair. The city was brimming with revolutionary ferment and

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Central V.I.Lenin museum was opened in May, 1924, as a branch of the V.I.Lenin Institute. More than 12,500 exhibits are displayed in its three floors and 34 halls. The exhibits include the first publications of his works, photostat copies of his manuscripts, Vladimir Ilich’s personal belongings, documentary photographs and presents from the working people. Also on

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Soviet Border Troops duties included repulsing armed incursions into Soviet territory; preventing illegal crossings of the border or the transport of weapons, explosives, contraband, or subversive literature across the border; monitoring the observance of established procedures at border crossing points; monitoring the observance by Soviet and foreign ships of navigation procedures in Soviet territorial waters;

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Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin  – general Secretary of the party’s Central Committee from 1922 until his death. While the office was initially not highly regarded, Stalin used it to consolidate more power after the death of Vladimir Lenin in 1924, gradually putting down all opposition. This included Leon Trotsky, the principal critic of Stalin among the early Soviet leaders. Whereas Trotsky advocated

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Spetsnaz (Voyska spetsialnogo naznacheniya) is an umbrella term for any special forces in Russian, literally “special purpose forces”. Historically, the term referred to the military special units controlled by the military intelligence service GRU, the Spetsnaz GRU. In 1950, Georgy Zhukov advocated creation of 46 military spetsnaz companies (each company consisted of 120 servicemen). It was the first time after the World War II, when term “spetsnaz” appeared as

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Firefighters came under the Ministry of the Interior (MVD). As such they were a quasi-military body – the MVD had its own troops, as well as being the ministry in charge of NKVD / KGB troops and border troops. There were also civilian Fire Defence organisations, which operated in the smaller towns and villages. Exclusive.

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The Soviet war in Afghanistan was a nine-year war during the Cold war fought by the Soviet Army against the Afghan Mujahideen guerrilla movement and foreign “Arab–Afghan” volunteers. The mujahideen received wide military and financial support from Pakistan also receiving direct and indirect support by the United States and China. The Afghan government fought with the intervention of the Soviet Union as its primary ally. The total irrecoverable personnel losses of the

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