During the 1950s and 1960s the USSR used a number of dogs for sub-orbital and orbital space flights to determine whether human spaceflight was feasible. In this period, the Soviet Union launched missions with passenger slots for at least 57 dogs. The actual number of dogs in space is smaller, as some dogs flew more than once. Most survived; the few that died were lost
During the Soviet era, the Red Square maintained its significance, becoming a focal point for the new state. Besides being the official address of the Soviet government, it was renowned as a showcase for military parades from 1919 onward. Lenin’s Mausoleum would from 1924 onward be a part of the square complex, and also as the grandstand for important
The Organising Committee working jointly with Plakat Publishers carried through a programme of publishing Olympic posters. TV viewers saw the first two posters in the final broadcasts from the Games in Montreal. Well-known Soviet artists and photographers were among the designers of the Olympic posters. SovietEraMuseum exclusive:
The T-34 was a Soviet medium tank produced from 1940 to 1958. Although its armour and armament were surpassed by later tanks of the era, it has been often credited as the most effective, efficient and influential design of World War II.First produced at the KhPZ factory in Kharkov (Kharkiv, Ukraine), it was the mainstay of Soviet armoured forces throughout World War II, and widely exported afterwards. It
The term “Siberia” has a long history. Its meaning has gradually changed during ages. Historically, Siberia was defined as the whole part of Russia to the east of Ural Mountains, including the Russian Far East. According to this definition, Siberia extended eastward from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific coast, and southward from the Arctic Ocean to the border
SovietEraMuseum present art photos by Yuri Sadovnikov:
Budi porcelain factory (since 1867) . Current products ceramic (porcelain) products for household and decorative ceramics. Products are high quality and artistic execution. In the production method used stamped decoration, as well as hand-painted. Soviet time – the “golden years” of the Budi porcelain factory. In now days the plant was fully destroyed. Photo by http://www.excurskharkov.narod.ru/1/budy.htm
Riga is the capital and largest city of Latvian SSR. SovietEraMuseum present a few photos from own archive about Soviet Riga.
The Leningrad Metro is the underground railway system in Leningrad and Leningrad Oblast. It has been open since November 15, 1955. The system exhibits many typical Soviet designs and features exquisite decorations and artwork making it one of the most attractive and elegant metros in the world. Due to the city’s unique geology, the Saint Petersburg Metro is one of the deepest subway systems in the
Chernigov (also spelled Chernihiv) is a city and administrative center of Chernigov oblast of Ukraine USSR. In December 1959 Chernigovsky plant of synthetic fiber was opened. In 1961 the first turbine of a new Chernigovsky thermo electric power station started operating. The industrial growth of Chernigov entailed the population growth as well and by 1979 it was about 240,000.